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Misinformation, Disinformation, Fake News, and Algorithms: Finding Out What’s What

Terms and Definitions





“false information that is spread, regardless of whether there is intent to mislead.”


“deliberately misleading or biased information; manipulated narrative or facts; propaganda.”

fake news

“false news stories, often of a sensational nature, created to be widely shared or distributed for the purpose of generating revenue, or promoting or discrediting a public figure, political movement, company, etc.”


"Instructions for solving a problem or completing a task. Recipes are algorithms, as are math equations. Computer code is algorithmic. The internet runs on algorithms and all online searching is accomplished through them.

“Code-Dependent: Pros and Cons of the Algorithm Age,” Pew Research Center